Sexuality Education


MOE Sexuality Education in Schools

1. Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

2. The goals of Sexuality Education are to:
(i) To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;

(ii) To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and

(iii) To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family formed from a healthy, heterosexual marriage as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

3. The key messages of Sexuality Education are:
(i) Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others;

(ii) Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);

(iii) Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and

(iv) Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.

You may click here for more information on MOE Sexuality Education.


OVERVIEW OF METHODIST GIRLS' SCHOOL'S SEXUALITY EDUCATION PROGRAMME FOR 2016


4. Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law.

5. The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include:

i. "The Teenage Years" (Lower Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package 
ii. "Sense & Sexuality" (Upper Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package
 
6. The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly. Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour.

7. Through "The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sexuality” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age.


At Methodist Girls' School, the following lessons from the Growing Years Programme will be taught in 2016:


SECONDARY 1
Unit Lessons Lesson Objectives 
At the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to:
Time Period
The Real Self 1
    • Know how one's perception of his body is linked to personal experiences and the sources of information that are taken in
    • Recognise that one's self-perception is influenced by his perception of his body
    • Know strategies to develop healthy/positive perception of one's body
Term 3/4
Lessons about Love (Part 1) 2
    • Recognise the importance of cultivating friendships with members of the same and opposite sex
    • Recognise what constitutes healthy and unhealthy relationships
    • Recognise the influence of peers on oneself and one's value system
    • Distinguish between various types of love
    • Know that the underlying value for healthy relationships is respect
 Term 3/4
"Familiar" Strangers Alert 3
    • Reflect on the reasons for people to use social networking sites to make friends or to engage their existing friends
    • Know the usefulness and dangers of making friends over social networking platforms
    • Recognise that the media can influence the way people think, feel and behave
    • Identify ways to protect themselves from negative influences from the media
Term 3/4 

SECONDARY 2
Unit Lessons Lesson Objectives 
At the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to:
Time Period
Lessons about Love (Part 2) 1
    • Recognise the importance of developing a friendship before committing to a romantic relationship
    • Recognise what dating involves
    • Know the defferent levels of physical intimacy in a relationship
    • Know that certain public displays of affection are not considered appropriate behaviour in our society
Term 3/4
Lessons about Love (Part 2)
    • Recognise that it is important to seek their family's views, beliefs and expectations with regard to dating and romantic relationships in teenage years
    • Recognise the sources of temptation and situations that lead to pre-marital sex
    • Resist pressure to engage in sexual activities
    • Know the consequences of engaging in pre-marital sex
    • Recognise the value of sexual abstinence
 Term 3/4
Lessons about Love (Part 2)
    • Identify why relationships break down
    • Recognise that break-ups may happen in relationships and that one can break up without hurting others
    • Identify the emotions that accompany the breakdown of a relationship
    • Know healthy ways of coping with rejections and breakups
    • Recognise the need to be respectful and responsible in ending a relationship
    • Know ways to seek support when going through a breakdown of relationship and offer support for those going through the same
Term 3/4 
At the Crossroads
    • Know/define what gender role is
    • Know the influence of family, culture and society on one's perception of his/her gender role
    • Appreciate/affirm one's own unique qualities and characteristics as a male or female
    • Know/define what sexual orientation (heterosexuality and homosexuality) is
    • Recognise the need to treat people with respect regardless of their sexual orientation
Term 3/4

UPPER SECONDARY
Target Levels Topics/ Lessons GY Learning Outcomes  Time Period
Sec 3  Influence of Media
    • Identify and understand the influence of the media on their personal opinions and value system
 Term 3/4
Sec 3 Is Sex really touch and go? 

Consequences of sexual activity: Pregnancy, Abortion, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)/HIV & protection against STI/HIV
    • Handling physical intimacy
    • Understand sex as an expression of love between a couple in marriage
    • Chossing abstinence from pre-maritial sex through conviction, communication and correct cues
    • Evaluate the consequences and issues relating to abortion and pre-maritial sex
 Term 3/4
Sec 4 Sex and Sexual Relationships 

Family as a basic unit of society
    • Understand sex as an expression of love between a couple in marriage
    • Recognise the importance of chastity and abstinence before marriage
    • Recognise the importance of family as a basic unit of society
Term 3/4

eTeens Programme


8. eTeens  is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students. The programme was introduced to secondary schools in 2007 as the Breaking Down Barriers (BDB) programme, to provide students with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme.

9. Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.


At Methodist Girls' School, the eTeens programme will be implemented as follows in 2016:


Topics/Lessons Lesson Objectives
At the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to:
Time Period
Mass Talk by HPB appointed vendor
    • Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS
    • Modes of transmission
    • Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used
    • Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV
Term 3 
Classroom-based Lesson 1: Decision-Making
    • Understand there are consequences in any decision one makes regarding sexual intercourse
    • Realise that decision-making is a process that can be learnt
    • Understand that one needs correct and accurate information to make the right decisions regarding one's sexual health
    • Learn to make decisions that will reduce the risk to their sexual health
 Term 3/4
Classroom-based Lesson 2: Assertiveness
    • Understand what assertive behaviour is
    • Practise responding to persuasion assertively
Term 3/4 
Classroom-based Lesson 3: Negotiation
    • Practise negotiating one's way out of a negative situation by applying skills learnt from Lesson 2
    • Learn risk reduction for STIs/HIV and assess situations to aid the control of impulses in sexual behaviour
Term 3/4 


INFORMATION FOR PARENTS

10. Parents may opt their children out of the MGS Sexuality Education Programme (incorporating the Growing Years programme) and/or the eTeens programme.

11. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the MGS Sexuality Education Programme (incorporating the Growing Years (GY) programme) need to complete an opt-out form. 
 This form is downloadable hereA hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by Friday 22 July 2016.


12. Parents may wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes with their children. Parents should contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.

13. Parents can contact the school at mgss@moe.edu.sg or 6469 4800 for discussion or to seek clarification about the MGS Sexuality Education Programme.
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